Discriminant Function (Alcoholic Hepatitis)
In a validation study by the same author, patients with GI bleeding requiring transfusions, diabetes requiring insulin, infection requiring treatment, clinical and laboratory diagnosis of acute pancreatitis, a history of recent head trauma, prior heroin addiction or preexisting chronic renal disease with Cr > 175 µmol/L were all excluded. In this study, patients were randomly assigned to receive either methylprednisolone (32mg) or placebo within 7 days of admission for 28 days and then doses were tapered over 2 weeks and then discontinued. The endpoint was death at 28 days of randomization– 35% patients in placebo group died compared with 6% in treatment group.
Pentoxifylline (400mg PO TID) has also been shown to decrease mortality at 28 days (25% vs 46% receiving placebo) in patients with discriminant function > 32. This is felt due to reduction in the risk of developing hepatorenal syndrome. However, the rate of adverse events attributed to pentoxifylline was similar to placebo except for epigastric pain and vomiting which was greater in the treatment group than placebo.
RL Carithers et al.
E Akriviadis et al .