AR: Regurgitant Orifice (PISA)
Measure effective regurgitant orifice by PISA
Robert O Bonow, Blase A Carabello et al.
ACC/AHA 2006 Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Valvular Heart Disease: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Revise the 1998 Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Valvular Heart Disease): Developed in Collaboration With the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions: Endorsed by the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons.
Circulation 2006 August 1, 114 (5): e84-231
Oh J, Seward JB, Tajik AJ.
The Echo Manual 3rd edition. Lippincott, Williams, Wilkins. 2007
The AR: Regurgitant Orifice (PISA) calculator is created by QxMD.